Kwame Akoto-Bamfo’s ‘Nkyinkyim Installation’: A Powerful Commemoration of the Transatlantic Slave Trade

The ‘Nkyinkyim Installation’ is quite something! It hits you emotionally, causing feelings of remorse, anger, sadness, and self-denial. Online, it’s powerful, but it’s even more profound when you experience it in person, with Kwame Akoto-Bamfo guiding the narrative. It’s amazing how the sculptures evoke such intense positive and negative emotions and get people talking about the Transatlantic Slave Trade.

The Transatlantic Slave Trade is one of human history’s most horrific chapters. For over four centuries, millions of Africans were forcibly transported across the Atlantic to the Americas as slaves, enduring unimaginable suffering. The inhumane treatment, exploitation, and suffering endured by these individuals have left an enduring scar on the collective memory of humanity.

To remember and honour the victims of this trade, Ghanaian artist Kwame Akoto-Bamfo has undertaken a monumental artistic endeavour known as the ‘Nkyinkyim Installation.’ This evolving art installation is the creation of the award-winning Ghanaian artist Kwame Akoto-Bamfo, with contributions from Delali Dziedzoave, an architect and accessibility advocate.

We will delve into the profound significance of the ‘Nkyinkyim Installation’ and its role in shaping the contemporary discourse surrounding the Transatlantic Slave Trade.

Artistic Review

The ‘Nkyinkyim Installation’ is an art installation with 1,500 concrete human head sculptures and 3,000 terracotta sculpted heads created by Kwame Akoto-Bamfo. It’s located in rural Nuhalenya and includes a set of 1,500 concrete human head sculptures and 3,000 terracotta sculpted heads. The installation is characterized by its placement on the ground and inside a future museum building. The heads within the installation are arranged in a naturalistic manner, representing the ancestors of contemporary African inhabitants.

The installation is deeply symbolic, as it memorializes millions of Africans who were forcefully uprooted during the colonial period and slave trade. The human head sculptures depict the emotions of enslaved individuals, such as fear, sadness, disgust and surprise. The installation represents the Akan symbol ‘Nkyinkyim,’ which translates to “twisted” and signifies the twists and turns of life’s journey. It is also a testament to the resilience and strength of the African people who survived the harrowing ordeal of the Middle Passage and slavery.

Kwame Akoto-Bamfo uses a mix of materials and techniques to make the ‘Nkyinkyim Installation.’ He picks cement to make the sculptures long-lasting in Ghana’s weather. Each sculpture is carefully crafted with great attention to detail to capture the different emotions and expressions of the subjects. The artist’s passion for multidisciplinary art, from sculpture to 3D modeling and animation, helps him experiment with various techniques, adding more depth and complexity to his work.

The Artist

Kwame Akoto-Bamfo is a well-known Ghanaian artist who makes thought-provoking sculptures and has contributed much to African art and culture. He’s got a Master’s degree in Fine Art and a Bachelor of Fine Arts in sculpture, which shows his strong academic foundation in the arts. Besides being an artist, he’s also a teacher, culture activist, and patron of the Nuhalenya Ada community. He won the Kuenyehia Prize for Contemporary Ghanaian Art in 2015.

Kwame Akoto-Bamfo created the ‘Nkyinkyim Installation’ as a tribute to African culture and history. His inspiration comes from nature, philosophy, and African traditions. Through sculptures, he portrays the suffering and resilience of enslaved Africans. Kwame Akoto-Bamfo’s choice of using sculptures to depict the profound suffering and resilience of enslaved Africans is influenced by the Akan practice of creating memorial heads, known as “nsodie,” to honor royalty upon their passing.

How the ‘Nkyinkyim Installation’ Fits into the Broader Conversation about the Transatlantic Slave Trade

The Transatlantic Slave Trade still affects our society today. Racial disparities and discrimination are just some of the consequences. This is why it’s important to acknowledge this history and work towards social justice and reparations.

Art can be a powerful tool for addressing historical injustices and promoting healing. Works like Kwame Akoto-Bamfo’s ‘Nkyinkyim Installation’ can provide a platform for acknowledging past traumas and encouraging dialogue and understanding.

Kwame Akoto-Bamfo’s ‘Nkyinkyim Installation’ is a powerful reminder of the brutal reality of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. It encourages us to reflect on the past and engage in important conversations about reparations, historical acknowledgement, and racial justice. The installation is a significant contribution to the ongoing global discourse on the impact of the slave trade on African descendants.

The ‘Nkyinkyim Installation’ is also part of a larger artistic movement called the Ancestor Project, highlighting African history and culture. It’s related to other sites and art pieces commemorating the Transatlantic Slave Trade, like the National Memorial for Peace and Justice in Alabama. Together, these artworks create a network of remembrance and education, promoting healing and collaboration across different communities worldwide.

Critical Reception

Kwame Akoto-Bamfo’s ‘Nkyinkyim Installation’ has garnered attention and reviews from art critics and scholars. Critics praised it for its emotional depth and how it conveys the traumatic experiences of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. The sculptures are so realistic and diverse in their emotions that they resonate with viewers. It’s being recognized for preserving the memory of those who suffered during the slave trade and contributing to African art and cultural heritage.

The ‘Nkyinkyim Installation’ has also become a big deal for the community of Nuhalenya Ada. It’s become a famous landmark, attracting visitors and attention. People have been able to engage with the art and reflect on its historical and emotional significance, evoking a range of emotions from sadness to admiration.


In conclusion, the ‘Nkyinkyim Installation’ by Kwame Akoto-Bamfo stands as a testament to the power of art in preserving the memory of the Transatlantic Slave Trade and advancing the global conversation on historical injustices. This evocative installation invites viewers to remember, reflect, and engage with the enduring legacy of the slave trade, emphasizing the importance of history in shaping a more equitable and compassionate future.

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